Friday, 20 April 2012

Coburg Badge

Coburg Badge

Instituted on 14th October 1932
Rarity – Extremely Rare

Known Makers – Unmarked



Coburg Badge - Obverse.



Coburg Badge - Reverse.
This award consists of an oval, slightly convex, badge that was originally produced in massive bronze.  It has a narrow wreath of laurel leaves round its edge measuring 2 mm across.  These have three leaves in each bunch, with two berries at their tips.  At the base they meet stalk to stalk, without a tie.  There are ten bunches on either side and the top two bunches on either side do not have the laurel berries.  The top leaves meet at a model of Coburg Castle.  The Castle has two spires on the viewer's left with a large roofed building and a small adjacent pinnacle on the right.  At the base there are two little, poorly defined huts set on to a curved ground.  Inside the wreath is a flat field that measures 4 mm, with a raised 0.5 mm line.  The central oval void has a large swastika measuring 16 mm across and the width of the individual arms is 4 mm.  From the top of the badge, superimposed over the castle and swastika, with its tip resting at the joint of the laurel leaf wreath at the base, is a double-edged sword with straight quillons, twisted grip handle and a pronounced ball pommel.  From the top of the pommel to the edge of the lower wreath at the base of the badge, measures 54 mm and the width across the badge measures 39 mm.  The field of the wreath has the inscription, in raised capital letters, starting at the left of the sword's tip, '1922 . MIT HITLER' broken by the quillion and repeated on the right side, 'IN COBURG . 1932'.  The translation of the inscription is, With Hitler in Coburg, 1922 1932.  The field round the lettering is stippled with slightly raised lines.

The reverse is plain with a thin hinge and a pin that has a circular retainer and a 'C' type hook at the bottom.  The pin is not always as described in all cases.  It has also been noted that an example has the numeral '1' stamped on to it.  The thickness of the badge is 4 mm across the thickest part and at the wreath, 2 mm.

Interestingly there is a sketch made of the proposed design, this is purported to have been made by Hitler himself.

Coburg original art drawing.

There is a second version of the badge which is thinner and has the RZM mark on the reverse.  These badges are of later manufacture as the RZM code did not come into being until 1935 and as this award was introduced in 1932, it was impossible for the mark to be applied on the original badges.  It was worn on the left breast of the party uniform above other party awards and badges.

 Coburg Badge RZM Type.

Coburg Badge RZM Type - Reverse.

On the 14th October 1932 the Duke of Coburg Gotha created this badge to commemorate the tenth anniversary of Adolph Hitler’s march of 14th-15th October 1922 on the City, which gave rise to the Nazi triumph over the Communists in Coburg.  The badge was declared an official party and national decoration in a decree signed by Hitler, on 6th November 1936, who had taken a personal interest in the design.  It had been the highest party award since its inception in 1932 and was held in greater esteem than the Blood Order itself.  This is a rare award as only 436 names were entered on the official party roll of recipients who were entitled to the badge. 


 The Duke of Coburg.

Hitler, the ever optimist, was invited with his party to the city of Coburg, where the city fathers had decided to hold a 'German Day' on 10th October 1922.  This was to be a folk festival to encourage German rural life.  The city was Marxist controlled and had a population of some 30,000 people.  Its geographical position was some 120 miles east of Frankfurt and about 40 from Schweinfurt.  This gathering afforded him the political platform that he so desperately needed and the chances of political disturbance were high.  This would publicise his embryo party, the greater the political violence the more media attention it would gather. 

Transportation to the venue caused an initial problem, which Hitler overcame in his inimitable manner.  Although his party was without visible funds, he hired a train and every party member who climbed on board bought a ticket, thus defraying the cost.  Such was the ardour of some members they bought two tickets, often with their last Mark.  This resulted in some 700 of his followers and a 42 piece band, setting off in the 'special train' from Munich.  This was virtually the entire membership of the party.

The Marxist town officials were not pleased when they realised the full significance of what was descending on their carefully controlled city.  A uniformed police captain was dispatched to meet the train and announced that the party could not enter the city with band playing and flags flying, as this was against the law.  Hitler brushed the astonished policeman aside and the party marched off in formation, headed by eight massive Bavarians clad in lederhosen and carrying Alpenstocks, forming an escort for Hitler and his confidants Max Amann, Hermann Esser, Dietrich Eckhart, Christian Weber, Ulrich Graf, Alfred Rosenberg and Kurt Ludecke.  They led the seven hundred or so party members with flags flying and a forty-two man band playing triumphantly. 

A massed crowd of some thousands threatened to bar the way and one of its Marxist members began to throw things, leading to a furious fight which lasted approximately fifteen minutes.  The crowd began to join the Nazis and in time they had won over the townsfolk.  That evening Hitler addressed a meeting in the town hall attended by no lesser personages than the Duke and Duchess of Coburg, who were later to become active Nazis.  This speech was to be hailed as one of his triumphs.  After it, and long into the night, fights raged between the Marxists and the Nazis.  The next morning found the city festooned with notices calling for a 'Peoples' Demonstration' that would throw the Nazis out.  The Marxists had made their move.  Hitler made his; he grouped his men and marched them into the square where it was thought that there would be as many as ten thousand townsfolk waiting to annihilate them.  His gamble came off; there were only a few hundred die-hard Marxists.  Their stranglehold, which they had exerted for so long on the city, was broken before the day was out.  Imperial flags were festooned from windows and the rock throwing crowds were replaced by cheering ones.  The Nazis were congratulated at every corner.  The Marxists, reeling from the defeat, announced that they would not let the 'special train' leave.  Hitler, buoyed up by his victory, told the officials that he and his group would run the train themselves but they would first take hostages of every communist they could find and transport them to Munich on their train.  The outcome of this action was not lost on the Marxists, who capitulated to Hitler's demands.  Hitler had one his first decisive victory.  It was to become Nazi folklore and led to the expression, in ardent Nazi circles, 'But were you at Coburg?' 


The Duke of Coburg, flanked on his right by Hitler and Hunline on his left, shows him wearing the badge. However the colour tends to give the impresion of the special silver version.


Sweeda Coburge.



Rosenberg   Alfred
12 January 1893 - 16 October 1946  E.A.
Party Number  18
German National Prize for Art and Science 7 September 1937, Coburg Badge 14 October 1932. Blood Order.


Born in Reval, now Talinin, in Estonia, the son of a shoemaker.  His father was of German extraction, while his mother was of Baltic. He studied architecture in Riga and Moscow, receiving his diploma in Moscow in 1918. Rosenberg witnessed the Bolshevik revolution during his stay in Moscow.  This filled him with revultion for Bolshevik ideology and to escape the mayhem he returned to Reval where he carried out various “anti-Red” propaganda activities. Rosenberg fled to Germany when the Red Army marched towards Estonia. He reached München in 1919 with his hatred for Bolshevism heightened this he soon linked to a fanatical anti-Semitism. Here He made contact with the Thule – Gesellschaft, an organisation from which, to a degree, the NSDAP was latter to emerge. The organisation was a focal point for extreme right – wing forces in Bavaria and maintained relations with many groups in Bavarian society. It was notable for its rabid ant-Semitic propaganda.  Jews were the arch – enemy of the German people and Rosenberg was convinced that the Jews were behind all the events in Estonia and Russia. Members had to be of Aryan desentand consisted of approximately 1500. The used the swastika as their symbol and a newspaper, the Munchener Beobacter, was at their disposal. Dietrich Eckart, a member of the Thule – Gesellschaft, a not very successful journalist, poet and playwright and editor in Chief of the Völkischer Beobachter, played an important role in the first meeting of Rosenberg and Hitler.  It was obvious that a qualified architect such as Rosenberg would make a deep impression on someone like Hitler who had failed to get into architecture school. In 1920 he wrote the first of many books attacking the Jews, setting down in exalted and confusing terms his philosophical concepts on racism.  Hitler was impressed by Rosenberg’s academic posture and shortly before Eckart’s death in 1923, appointed him editor in chief of the Völkischer Beobachter. Hitler saw Rosenberg as the heir of the extreme right-wing “folk” ideologists and the great prophet of the new racist Weltanschauung, the philosophy of life.  The horrors that Hitler would unfold in Mein Kampf were partially taken from Rosenberg. In 1930 his Myth of the Twentieth Century was published and became next to Mein Kampf, the most important book on Nazi theory. This strange difficult to read book was also known as the “catechism of the NSDAP racial religion.” He believed that all races had specific and different physical and mental characteristics. He devided Europeans into five general racial types which, he admitted, had become so inter bread that it was impossible to distinguish them from each other.  However, the “Nordic” race, to be found in Germany, Scandinavia and England was the purest of the five.  The answer was very simple, according to Rosenberg.  All the Germans had to do to “purify their race of impure elements” and regain their “own Nordic character” was to prevent further interbreeding, especially by the “Oriental Jewish race.” After a certain period of time the blood would revert to its pure “Nordic” state. “Nordic” blood would, according to him, cleanse itself of impurities. Although accepted as the mentor of Nazi ideology, Rosenberg was looked upon by the more intelligent Nazis as shallow and intellectually limited.





Maurice Emil  - SS-Oberführer
9 January 1897 - 6 February 1972  D.
Party Number 39  SS Number 2

Golden Party Badge, Coburg Badge 14 October 1932, Blood Order No.495 , War Merit Cross Second Class without Swords, SS Honour Ring, SS Honour Sword

He was born in Westmoor, becoming a watch maker by trade, living a life of riot and rowdyness.  In 1919 he joined the German workers’ party, the forerunner of the NSDAP, becoming Hitlers bodyguard and chauffeur.  He took part in the 1923 Putsch and joined the fugitives on its failure, but was captured and imprisoned at Landsberg and become an intimate of Hitlers where he acted as secretary, taking down “Mein Kampf” until Hess took over.  Following his release, he remained in Hitlers inner circle, continuing in his previous role.  Tension broke out between them in 1927 because of his unwanted liaison with Hitlers niece, Geli Raubal, which intensified after her suicide.  This ultimately ousted him from the inner circle.  Nevertheless in June 1934 Maurice was with Hitler on a raid on Röhm and his associates, shooting the homsexual Edmund Heinz and the boy found in his bed.  He is also credited with the murder of Father Stenpfle.  By 1935 the tension between Hitler and Maurice had begun to subside, due in part to Maurice’s application to marry, where, since he was in the SS, the couple were both had to submit proof of Aryan purity.  When Himmler announced that “without question SS-Standartenführer Emil Maurice is, according to his ancestral table, not of Aryan descent”,  Hitler refused to expel him from either the party or the SS.  Himmler was outraged but promotion followed with Maurice becoming SS-Brigadeführer.  From 1940 to 1942 he served as an officer in the Luftwaffe.  He also headed a Munich handicraft works guild.  In 1948 a de-nazification court sentenced him to four years in a labour camp.  He died in Starnberg on the 6 February 1972.








A wonderful piece of stained glass to commemorate the event.


Gauleiter Otto Hellmuth wearing the Coburg Badge.


MUTSCHMANN Martin - Gauleiter und Reichsstatthalter / SA-Obergrupenführer / M.d.R

9 March 1879      - June 1948?
Party Number 35

1914 Iron Cross Second Class, Friedrich-August-Medal, 1914 Wound Badge Black Class, 1918; Cross of Honour 1914-18 Combatants, Coburg Badge 14 October 1932, Golden Party Badge, NSDAP Long Service Medal in Bronze 10 years service, NSDAP Long Service Medal in Silver 15 years Service, NSDAP Long Service Medal in Gold 25 years Service.

He was born in Hirschberg an der Saale. He joined the Army in 1901, and was assigned to the 3.Unterelsässicschen Infanterieregiment 138 in Straßburg and served with it until 1903. He volunteered for war service on 4th August 1914 and Served with Reserve-Infanterieregiment 133 on Western Front. He was seriously wounded and hospitalised, in April 1916. Due to his wounds, on 24th December 1916, he was released from service as unfit for field duty. After the war he became a successful Textile manufacturer and factory owner in Plauen. He became a Member of "Deutsch-Völkischen Schutz- und Trutzbund" in 1919. He first joined the NSDAP in 1922 with Party Number 5346 and was on the march to Coburg the 10th October 1922. During ban on NSDAP, between 1923 and 1925 he was the Landesführer den "Völkischen Block" in Saxony. After the lifting of the ban on the Party following the München Putsch, he Rejoined NSDAP on 2nd June 1925 with Party Number 35. He became Gauleiter of Saxony in 1925, a post he held until 8th May 1945. He was promoted to SA-Obergruppenführer in 1937. The Russians captured Mutschmann in 1945. The most accurate accounts available state that he died in Dresden as a Russian POW in June 1948.



Assignments:

Reichsverteidigungskommissar für den Wehrkreis IV: 1. Sep. 1939 - 8. May 1945.
Landesjägermeister von Sachsen: 28. Feb. 1935 - 8. May 1945.
Ehrenführer der SA bei der Standarte 100 in Dresden: 5. May 1933 -
Reichsstatthalter von Sachsen: 5. May 1933 - 8. May 1945.
Landesinspekteur der NSDAP für Sachsen-Thüringen: 15. Jul. 1932 -
Mitglied des Reichstages (Wahlkreis 30 [Chemnitz-Zwickau]), NSDAP-Fraktion: 14. Sep. 1930 - 8. May 1945.





Wörlein Karl - SS Hauptsturmführer.

19April 1906

Party Number  786883  SS Number 107207
Blood Order No.550 29 November 1923, Coburg Badge 14 October 1932, Reich Sports Badge.

During the putsch, he was 16 years old, member of the Regiment SA München.

In 1938, he was a SS Untersturmführer. Service in the SD-Haptamt.


COBURGE BADGE.


RECIPENTS.


NAME
FIRST   NAME
RANK
Party  No
SS  No
ABELE
Karl
AHLBORN
Heinz
ALBRECHT
Otto
SS-Untersturmführer
AMANN
Max
RL u. SS-Obergruppenführer
3
53143
ANTON
Hermann
AUER
Johann
SS- Obersturmführer
BACH Zu HOMBERGK
Hermann von
BAIER
Michael
BALTHASAR
Josef
BARTH
Robert
BARTH
Ludwig
BARTOSCH
Marta
Female Recipient
BATZ
Hans
SS-Sturmbannführer
46971
2106
Listed in DAL but not Original List
BAUER
Erich
BAUER
Hans
BÄUMER
Johann
SS-Sturmbannführer
11554
5632
BAUR
Wilhelm
SS-Oberführer
51
293750
BÄURLE
Anton
BAUSCHEN
Heinrich
BAYER
Franz
BECHMANN
Otto
BECK
Hans
BEHRINGER
Paul
BELLWIDT
Walter
SS- Obersturmbannführer
BENNECKE
Heinrich
SA-Obergruppenführer
BERENBROCK
Johannes
BERG
Victor von
BERGDOLT
Ernst
BERGER
EMIL
10087
BERNHARD

Ernst
BILLER
Wilhelm
BIRKNER
Theodor
BIRZER
Fritz
156009
2047
BOESER
Franz
BOSSE
Guenther
BÖTTGER
Manfred
BRALL
Heinz
BRASSLER
Karl
BRAUN
Alois
SS-Sturmbannführer
664915
10053
BRAUN
Luitpold
BREHM
Rudolf
BREMER
Hermann
BREU
Hans
BRIEMANN JR.
Wilhelm
BRIEMANN SR.
Wilhelm
BRÜCKNER
Wilhelm
BRÜNDL
Alfons


BRUNN
Franz
BUCH
Walther
RL u. SS-Obergruppenführer
7733
81353
BUCHHOLD
Paul
BUCHMANN
Eduard
BÜCHNER
Richard
BURGER
Hans
COBURG
Charles Edward, Duke
COENEN
Heinz
SS-Obersturmführer
DÄHN
Hans
SS-Untersturmführer
DANNER
Franz
DÄTER
Wilhelm
DATZ
Kurt
DEMMEL
Georg
DIETENHAUSER
Benedikt
DIETRICH
Hans
SS-Standartenführer
8454
3397
DIPPERT
Josef
DIRSCHL
Ignaz
DITTNER
Gustav
DOLL
Josef
DOLLMANN
Marcell
DORSCH
Anton
DORSCH
Fritz
DOSSER
Anton
DOSSER
Georg
DOUGLAS
Reginald
DRESCHLER
Julius
DREXLER
Anton
52
DRUCKENBROD
?
DÜRR
Heinz
DUSCHL
Alois
EBERHART
Adolf
EBERLE
Josef
ECKARDT
Ernst
ECKHART
Dietrick
EDLER
Hermann
EGGERDINGER
Max
SS-Standartenführer
14463
280332
EGGERS
Karl
EHMANN
Karl
SS-Untersturmführer
80718
2111
EHRENTREICH
Leopold
EISENBEISS
Karl
EITEL
Fritz
ERHARDT
Johannes
SS-Obersturmführer
Listed in DAL but not Original List
ESSER
Hermann
20
ESSLINGER
Therese, Frau
Female Recipient
ETBAUER
Richard
FABRIS
Hugo von
FATSCH
Emil
FEDER
Gottfried
4
FEICHTMAYR
Otto
SS-Standartenführer
248158
23093
FISCHER
Karl
FISCHER
Otto
FLÜGEL
Willy Otto
FOERSTER
Heinrich
FORSTMAIER
Josef
FÖRZ
Andreas
FRANKE
Max
FRICK
Wilhelm
10
FRITSCH
Karl, Dr.
SS-Brigadeführer


BRUNN
Franz
BUCH
Walther
RL u. SS-Obergruppenführer
7733
81353
BUCHHOLD
Paul
BUCHMANN
Eduard
BÜCHNER
Richard
BURGER
Hans
COBURG
Charles Edward, Duke
COENEN
Heinz
SS-Obersturmführer
DÄHN
Hans
SS-Untersturmführer
DANNER
Franz
DÄTER
Wilhelm
DATZ
Kurt
DEMMEL
Georg
DIETENHAUSER
Benedikt
DIETRICH
Hans
SS-Standartenführer
8454
3397
DIPPERT
Josef
DIRSCHL
Ignaz
DITTNER
Gustav
DOLL
Josef
DOLLMANN
Marcell
DORSCH
Anton
DORSCH
Fritz
DOSSER
Anton
DOSSER
Georg
DOUGLAS
Reginald
DRESCHLER
Julius
DREXLER
Anton
52
DRUCKENBROD
?
DÜRR
Heinz
DUSCHL
Alois
EBERHART
Adolf
EBERLE
Josef
ECKARDT
Ernst
ECKHART
Dietrick
EDLER
Hermann
EGGERDINGER
Max
SS-Standartenführer
14463
280332
EGGERS
Karl
EHMANN
Karl
SS-Untersturmführer
80718
2111
EHRENTREICH
Leopold
EISENBEISS
Karl
EITEL
Fritz
ERHARDT
Johannes
SS-Obersturmführer
Listed in DAL but not Original List
ESSER
Hermann
20
ESSLINGER
Therese, Frau
Female Recipient
ETBAUER
Richard
FABRIS
Hugo von
FATSCH
Emil
FEDER
Gottfried
4
FEICHTMAYR
Otto
SS-Standartenführer
248158
23093
FISCHER
Karl
FISCHER
Otto
FLÜGEL
Willy Otto
FOERSTER
Heinrich
FORSTMAIER
Josef
FÖRZ
Andreas
FRANKE
Max
FRICK
Wilhelm
10
FRITSCH
Karl, Dr.
SS-Brigadeführer


FUCHS
Franz
749
FÜSS
Simon
SS-Standartenführer
72008
1700
GÄRTNER
Erich
GERBER
Otto
GEROMILLER
Wilhelm
GERUM
Anton
GIERBAUER
Hanns
GIERER
A.
GLAS
Hans
GNEZEL
Gustav
GÖBEL
Paul
SS-Hauptsturmführer
14302
712
GÖBERT
Walter
GOTTHANS
Kurt
GRÄB
Hans
GRAF
Ulrich
SS-Brigadeführer
8
26
GRAMS
Karl
GRÄSE
Adhemar
GREINWALD
Jakob
GREPMAIER
Josef
GRIEBEL
Fritz
GRIMMINGER
Jakob
SS-Standartenführer
759
135
GROSS
Siegfried
SS-Obersturmführer
GROTH
Ferdinand
SS-Untersturmführer
GRUBER
Ferdinand
GURR
Alois
HAENSCH
Walter
HAGEDORN
J.E.
HAGER
Erhard
SS-Hauptsturmführer
Listed in DAL but not Original List
HAUER
Max
HAUG
Hans
HAUMANNSTETTER
Franz
HAUSER
Anton
HAUSER
Friedrich
HEIDEN
Maria, Frau.
Female Recipient
HEINES
Oskar
HEINLE
Adolf
HEINLEIN
Adolf
HEITMÜLLER
Walter
HELD
Wilhelm
HELLMUTH
Otto, Dr.
Gauleiter
22815
HELLVOIGT
Walter
HENNIGER
Karl
HERR
Willi
HERTERICH
Oskar
HESS
Rudolf
16
HILBE
Josef
HILGER
Karl
HILLEN
Hans
HILZ
Hugo
HIMPEL
Willy
HIRSCHBERG
Paul
SS-Standartenführer
907
99829
HITLER
Adolf
1
HOCHGRASSL
Hubert
SS-Untersturmführer
HÖCHNER
Otto
HÖFLER
Albert
HOFMANN
Arthur
HOFMANN
Klaus
HOFMANN
Paul
HOFMEISTER
Karl


Coburg Badge - Fakes.



Coburg Badge - Fake reverse.


Note the makers mark SWB in a clover leave. The SBW cloverleaf mark applied as a spoof BSW trademark to cast but good quality copies - not intended to deceive -  and was applied to all sorts of badges made around twenty-five years ago by the Londoner Sean Barry Weske, who now lives in California.





















Coburg - Obverse Fake - Souval.


Coburg - Reverse - Fake - Souval mark.


Coburg - Reverse Fake - Souval.

Coburg - Obverse Fake.


Coburg - Reverse Fake.















Coburg Badge - Fantersy.




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